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Ichneumonidae_1_Vida_van_der_Walt

Classification

Cryptini

of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Ichneumonidae)

Cryptinae Kirby, 1837. Type genus: Cryptus Fabricius, 1804.

 

Afretha Seyrig, 1952

Allophatnus Cameron, 1905

 

Anepomias Seyrig, 1952

Bozakites_natalensis_HOLOTYPE

Bozakites Seyrig, 1952

 

Ceratocryptus Cameron, 1903

 

Ceratodolius Seyrig, 1952

 

Ceratophenax Seyrig, 1952

Ceratocryptus_bifrontalis_HOLOTYPE

Ceratocryptus Cameron, 1903

Ceratodolius Seyrig, 1952

 

Ceratophenax Seyrig, 1952

Coccygodes_ruficeps_HOLOTYPE

Coccygodes Saussure, 1892

Costifrons_parvidens_HOLOTYPE

Costifrons Townes, 1970

 

Cryptus Fabricius, 1804

 

Cyanodolius Seyrig, 1952

 

Cyanopelor Townes, 1973

Eurycryptus_spilocephalus_HOLOTYPE

Eurycryptus Cameron, 1901

 

Fitatsia Seyrig, 1952

 

Fotsiforia Seyrig, 1952

Gabunia_ruficeps_HOLOTYPE

Gabunia Kriechbaumer, 1895

Gambroides Betrem, 1941

 

Gambrus Förster, 1869

 

Gerdius Townes, 1970

 

Gessia Townes, 1973

Goryphus_cinctitibia_HOLOTYPE

Goryphus Holmgren, 1868

 

Gotra Seyrig, 1952

 

Hemisphragia Seyrig, 1952

 

Hoeocryptus Habermehl, 1902

Ischnus_blanditus_HOLOTYPE

Ischnus Gravenhorst, 1829

Larpelites_dorsalis_HOLOTYPE

Larpelites Cameron, 1904

 

Lavinifia Seyrig, 1952

Listrognathus Tschek, 1871

 

Madastenus Seyrig, 1952

 

Menaforia Seyrig, 1952

 

Mesophragis Seyrig, 1952

 

Necolio Cheesman, 1936

Nematocryptus_exitialis_HOLOTYPE

Nematocryptus Roman, 1910

 

Odontocryptus Saussure, 1892

Osprynchotus_ethiopicus_LECTOTYPE

Osprynchotus Spinola, 1841

 

Owenus Townes, 1970

 

Perinetia Seyrig, 1952

 

Piambia Seyrig, 1952

 

Piasites Seyrig, 1952

 

Picardiella Lichtenstein, 1920

Pterocryptus_castaneus_HOLOTYPE

Pterocryptus Szépligeti, 1916

 

Rambites Seyrig, 1952

Rhynchocryptus_videndus_HOLOTYPE

Rhynchocryptus Cameron, 1905

 

Savolia Seyrig, 1952

Schreineria_caviclypeus_HOLOTYPE

Schreineria Morley, 1926

Skeatia Seyrig, 1952

 

Spathacantha Townes, 1970

 

Sphecoctonus Seyrig, 1952

 

Stenarella Szépligeti, 1916

 

Synechocryptus Schmiedeknecht, 1904

 

Tanyloncha Townes, 1970

Tolonus Seyrig, 1952

 

Trafana Seyrig, 1952

 

Tricapus Townes, 1970

 

Tsirambia Seyrig, 1952

Zonocryptus Ashmead, 1900

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology Most are idiobiont ectoparasitoid of Holometabola pupae or prepupae. Some species are koinobiont or endoparasitoids, and some species parasitize the egg masses of Araneae and Pseudoscorpionida.
Diagnosis

Head in front view globose to triangular, eyes often 0.7–0.8× as high as head. Flagellum elongate, first segment usually over 4.0 as long as wide (except 3.0 in Bicryptella Townes). Dorsal margin of metanotum without triangular projection opposite to anterior end of sublateral longitudinal carina, sometimes with a triangular projection ventrad to the dorsal margin. Fourth tarsomere usually distinctly bilobed, especially in larger species. Propodeum nearly always without longitudinal carinae posteriorly to anterior transverse carina. Areolet variously shaped, crossvein 3r-m absent or present. Hindwing vein Cua usually less than 2.0 as long as crossvein cu-a; vein Cub often apically convex, sometimes straight or concave (Santos, 2017).

References

Broad GR. 2021. Taxonomic changes in Ichneumonoidea (Hymenoptera), and notes on certain type specimens. Zootaxa 4941: 511–541. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4941.4.3

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 1994. Opinion 1757. Cryptus Fabricius, 1804 and Cryptinae Kirby, 1837 (Insecta, Hymenoptera) conserved. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 51(1):74-75. 

Rousse, P. & Villemant, C. 2012. Ichneumons in Reunion Island: a catalogue of the local Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) species, including 15 new taxa and a key to species. Zootaxa 3278: 1–57.

Santos BF. 2017. Phylogeny and reclassification of Cryptini (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Cryptinae), with implications for ichneumonid higher-level classification. Systematic Entomology. doi:10.1111/syen.12238

Seyrig, A. 1952. Les Ichneumonides de Madagascar. IV Ichneumonidae Cryptinae. Mémoires de l'Académie Malgache. Fascicule XIX. 213 pp.

Yu D.S., van Achterberg, K., Horstmann, K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa), or © Gavin Broad (NHMUK). Banner image © Vida van der Walt.

Acaenitinae; Anomaloninae; Banchinae; Brachycyrtinae; Sisyrostolinae; Campopleginae; Cremastinae; Cryptinae; Ctenopelmatinae; Diplazontinae; Eucerotinae; Ichneumoninae; Lycorininae; Mesochorinae; Metopiinae; Ophioninae; Orthocentrinae; Pimplinae; Rhyssinae; Tersilochinae; Tryphoninae; Xoridinae


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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