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of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Ichneumonidae)

Campopleginae Förster 1869. Type species: Campoplex Gravenhorst, 1829.


Campoletis Förster, 1869


Campoplex Gravenhorst, 1829


Casinaria Holmgren, 1859


Charops Holmgren, 1859

Cymodusa Holmgren, 1859

Diadegma Förster, 1869

Dusona Cameron, 1901

Enytus Cameron, 1905

Eriborus_ pomonellae_HOLOTYPE

Eriborus Förster, 1869

Hyposoter Förster, 1869


Leptoperilissus Schmiedeknecht, 1913

Meloboris Holmgren, 1859


Sinophorus Förster, 1869


Venturia Schrottky, 1902

Allotheca_annulipes_HOLOTYPE Vildania Koçak & Kemal, 2009

Xanthocampoplex Morley, 1913



Biology Usually koinobiont endoparasitoids of Lepidoptera or Symphyta larvae. Some parasitize Coleoptera and a few parasitize Neuroptera (Raphidiidae).
Diagnosis Clypeus usually not separated from face by groove, mandible often with a ventral flange. Ventro-posterior corner of propleuron with a strongly produced lobe touching or overlapping pronotum. Propodeum with distinct transverse and longitudinal carinae. Metasomal tergite I usually long and slender, with spiracle near apex. Ovipositor almost always with subapical notch. Predominant color black or black and reddish-orange.
Diversity More than 2100 species in 70 genera, many of which are poorly defined and are therefore difficult to identify (Rousse & Villemant, 2012).


Armstrong AJ, Louw SL, Staude HS, Terblanche RF, Edge DA, van Noort S. 2020. Observations on parasitoid interaction with Zerenopsis lepida (Walker, 1854) (Lepidoptera: Geometridae: Ennominae: Diptychini) at Entumeni Nature Reserve, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Metamorphosis 31: 49–52.

Cameron P. 1905. On two species of ichneumonidæ parasitic on the codling moth in Cape colony. Transactions of the South African Philosophical Society 16(1): 337-339. https://doi.org/10.1080/21560382.1905.9526069

Förster, A. 1869. Synopsis der Familien und Gattungen der Ichneumonen. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens 25(1868): 135-221.  

Fitton, M.G. and Gauld, I.D. 1976. The family-group names of the Ichneumonidae (excluding Ichneumoninae) (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology 1: 247-258.

Gichini G, Löhr B, Rossbach A, Nyambo B & Gathu R 2008. Can low release numbers lead to establishment and spread of an exotic parasitoid: the case of the diamondback moth parasitoid, Diadegma semiclausum (Hellen) in east Africa. Crop Protection 27: 906–914.

Risbec, J. 1960. Les parasites des insectes d'importance en Afrique tropicale et à Madagascar. Agronomie Tropicale 15: 624–656.

Rousse, P. & Villemant, C. 2012. Ichneumons in Reunion Island: a catalogue of the local Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) species, including 15 new taxa and a key to species. Zootaxa 3278: 1–57.

Sithole, R. & Lohr, B. 2017. Intra- and interspecific competition in two congeneric parasitoids of the diamondback moth. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 163: 272–280. doi:10.1111/eea.12586

Vas, Z. 2021.  First record of Cymodusa Holmgren from the Afrotropical region with the description of a new species (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae: Campopleginae). Zootaxa 5067: 447–450. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5067.3.8

Yu D.S., van Achterberg, K., Horstmann, K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or by Agnièle Touret-Alby © MNHN (specimens database http://coldb.mnhn.fr).

Acaenitinae; Anomaloninae; Banchinae; Brachycyrtinae; Sisyrostolinae; Campopleginae; Cremastinae; Cryptinae; Ctenopelmatinae; Diplazontinae; Eucerotinae; Ichneumoninae; Lycorininae; Mesochorinae; Metopiinae; Ophioninae; Orthocentrinae; Pimplinae; Rhyssinae; Tersilochinae; Tryphoninae; Xoridinae

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2023. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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