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Brachycyrtus Kriechbaumer

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Ichneumonidae; Subfamily: Brachycyrtinae)

Brachycyrtus Kriechbaumer, 1880: 161. Type species: Brachycyrtus ornatus Kriechbaumer, 1880: 163.

Brachycyrtus antoninoi Di Giovanni, 2021
Brachycyrtus cerrettii Di Giovanni, 2021

Brachycyrtus_fianarensis_HOLOTYPE

Brachycyrtus fianarensis Seyrig, 1952

Brachycyrtus lucchii Di Giovanni & Varga, 2021

Brachycyrtus_luteoniger_HOLOTYPE

Brachycyrtus luteoniger Seyrig, 1952

Distribution

Kenya, Madagascar, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Also worldwide.

Biology

Solitary ectoparasitoid of cocooned pupae and prepupae of Chrysopidae (Neuroptera) (Rao 1953, Townes et al. 1960, Carlson 1979, Kusigemati 1981, Higa 1983, Gauld 2000). Could either be idiobiont or koinobiont parasitoids (Bennett 2009), although phylogenetic evidence in combination with the toothed ovipositor suggests they are idiobiont ectoparasitoids (Broad et al. 2018, Di Giovanni & Varga, 2021).

References

Bennett, A.M.R. 2009. The Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) of Fiji: keys to subfamilies and genera with a review of the species of Anomaloninae, Banchinae, Brachycyrtinae and Diplazontinae. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 105: 3–68.

Broad, G.R., Shaw, M.R. & Fitton, M.G. 2018. Ichneumonid wasps (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae): their classification and biology. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects. Vol. 7. Part 12. Royal Entomological Society, London, 418 pp.

Carlson, R.W. 1979. Ichneumonidae. In: Krombein, K.V., Hurd, P.D. Jr., Smith, D.R. & Burks, B.D. (Eds.), Catalog of Hymenoptera North of Mexico. Vol. 1. Symphyta and Apocrita (Parasitica). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, pp. 315–739.

Di Giovanni F & Varga O. 2021. First record of the subfamily Brachycyrtinae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) from continental Africa, with description of three new species. Zootaxa 4985(2): 203–218. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4985.2.4

Higa, S.Y. 1983. Brachycyrtus nawaii (Ashmead). Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 24 (2–3): 172.

Kriechbaumer, J. 1880. Brachycyrtus, novum genus Cryptidarum. Correspondenz-Blatt des Zoologische-Mineralogischen Vereines in Regensburg 34: 161-164.

Kusigemati, K. 1981. New host records of Ichneumonidae from Japan (IV). Memoirs of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kagoshima University 17: 135–138.

Rao, S.N. 1953. On a collection of Indian Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) in the Forest Research Institute, Dehra Dun. Indian Forest Records 8: 159–225.

Seyrig, A. 1952. Les Ichneumonides de Madagascar. IV Ichneumonidae Cryptinae. Mémoires de l'Académie Malgache. Fascicule XIX. 213 pp.

Townes, H.K., Townes, M., Walley, G.S. & Townes, G. 1960. Ichneumon-flies of America north of Mexico, 2. Subfamily Ephialtinae, Xoridinae, Acaenitinae. United States National Museum Bulletin 216 (2): 1–676. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.216.1-2

Viereck, H.L. 1919. A list of families and subfamilies of the Ichneumon-flies in the superfamily Ichneumonoidea. Additions and corrections. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 32: 48, 198.

Yu D.S., van Achterberg, K., Horstmann, K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa), or photographs © Filippo di Giovanni (University of Pisa).

Map illustration © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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