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Parapanteles Ashmead

of the Afrotropical region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Braconidae; Subfamily: Microgastrinae)

Parapanteles Ashmead,1900



Parapanteles aethiopicus (Wilkinson, 1931) (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda)

Parapanteles atellae (Wilkinson, 1932) (Uganda)

Parapanteles covino Rousse, 2013 (Reunion)


Parapanteles cyclorhaphus (de Saeger, 1944) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

Parapanteles darignac Rousse, 2013 (Reunion)


Parapanteles endymion (Wilkinson, 1932) (Uganda)

Parapanteles epiplemicidus (de Saeger, 1941) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

Parapanteles fallax (de Saeger, 1944) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

Parapanteles furax (de Saeger, 1944) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda)

Parapanteles gerontogeae Donaldson, 1991 (South Africa)


Parapanteles maculipalpis (de Saeger, 1941) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

Parapanteles maynei (de Saeger, 1941) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Senegal)


Parapanteles prosper (Wilkinson, 1932) (Uganda)

Parapanteles punctatissimus (Granger, 1949) (Madagascar)

Parapanteles regalis (de Saeger, 1941) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

Parapanteles rooibos Valerio, Whitfield & Kole, 2005 (South Africa)

Parapanteles sarpedon (de Saeger, 1944) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda)

Parapanteles transvaalensis (Cameron, 1911) (Malawi, South Africa)

Parapanteles xanthopholis (de Saeger, 1944) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda)


Solitary or gregararious endoparasitoids (koinobiont) of Lepidoptera larvae.




Austin, A.D. & Dangerfield, P.C. 1992. Synopsis of Australian Microgasterinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), with a key to genera and a description of new taxa. Invertebrate Taxonomy 6:1-76.

Fernandez-Triana J. 2015. A revision of the genus Protomicroplitis Ashmead (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Microgastrinae), with the description of a new species. Zootaxa 4039(4): 529542. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4039.4.3

Fernandez-Triana, J & Boudreault, C. 2018. Seventeen new genera of microgastrine parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) from tropical areas of the world. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 64: 25-140. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/jhr.64.25453

Fernandez-Triana, J & van Achterberg, C. 2017. Order Hymenoptera, family Braconidae Subfamily Microgastrinae from the Arabian Peninsula. Arthropod fauna of the UAE 6: 275321.

Fernandez-Triana J, Shaw MR, Boudreault C, Beaudin M, Broad GR 2020. Annotated and illustrated world checklist of Microgastrinae parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera, Braconidae). ZooKeys 920: 1-1089. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.920.39128

Mason, W.R.M. 1981. The polyphyletic nature of Apanteles Foerster (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): A phylogeny and reclassification of Microgastrinae. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada. No. 115. 147pp.

Nixon, G.E.J. 1965. A reclassification of the tribe Microgasterini (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Entomology series. Supplement 2:1-284.

Risbec, J. 1951. Les Microgasterinae de l'Afrique occidentale francaise. Memoires de l'Institut Francais d'Afrique Noire, 13,411473.

Rousse, P. & Gupta A. 2013. Microgastrinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) of Reunion Island: a catalogue of the local species, including 18 new taxa and a key to species. Zootaxa 3616 (6): 501547. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3616.6.1

Shenefelt, R.D. 1972. Braconidae 4. Microgasterinae Apanteles. Hymenopterorum Catalogus, Pars 7:429-668.

Shenefelt, R.D. 1973. Braconidae 5. Microgasterinae amd Ichneutinae. Hymenopterum Catalogus, Pars 9:669-812.

Valerio, A.A.; Whitfield, J.B. and Janzen, D.H. 2009. Review of world Parapanteles Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Microgastrinae), with description of fourteen new Neotropical species and the first description of the final instar larvae. Zootaxa 2084:1-49.
Valerio, A.A.; Whitfield, J.B. and Kole, M. 2005. Parapanteles rooibos, n. sp. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Microgastrinae): the first record of the genus from the African continent. Zootaxa 855: 1-8.

Whitfield, J.B., Mardulyn, P., Austin, A.D. & Dowton, M. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships among microgastrine braconid wasp genera based on data from the 16S, COI and 28S genes and morphology. Systematic Entomology, 27, 337359. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3113.2002.00183.x

Yu D.S., van Achterberg K., Horstmann K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com


Photographs Pascal Rousse (Iziko South African Museum).

Photographs Jose L Fernandez-Triana (Canadian National Collection of Insects, Ottawa, Canada).

Map illustration Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2023. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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