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Exoryza Mason

of the Afrotropical region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Braconidae; Subfamily: Microgastrinae)

Exoryza Mason, 1981. Type species: Apanteles schoenobii Wilkinson, 1932, by original designation.

Classification

 

Exoryza hylas (Wilkinson,1932) (South Africa)

 

Exoryza megagaster (de Saeger,1944) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda)

Exoryza oryzae Walker,1994 (Gambia, Ivory Coast, Niger, Senegal)

Exoryza safranum Rousse & Gupta, 2013 (Reunion)

Biology

Solitary or gregararious endoparasitoids (koinobiont) of Lepidoptera larvae.

Distribution

Worldwide.

References

Austin, A.D. & Dangerfield, P.C. 1992. Synopsis of Australian Microgasterinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), with a key to genera and a description of new taxa. Invertebrate Taxonomy 6:1-76.

Fernandez-Triana JL, Whitfield JB, Smith MA, Dapkey T, Hallwachs W, Janzen DH 2016. Review of the world species of Exoryza (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Microgastrinae), with description of five new species. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 63(2): 195-210. doi: 10.3897/dez.63.8977

Fernandez-Triana J, Shaw MR, Boudreault C, Beaudin M, Broad GR 2020. Annotated and illustrated world checklist of Microgastrinae parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera, Braconidae). ZooKeys 920: 1-1089. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.920.39128

Mason, W.R.M.. 1981. The polyphyletic nature of Apanteles Foerster (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): A phylogeny and reclassification of Microgastrinae. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada. No. 115. 147pp.

Nixon, G.E.J. 1965. A reclassification of the tribe Microgasterini (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Entomology series. Supplement 2:1-284.

Risbec, J. 1951. Les Microgasterinae de l'Afrique occidentale francaise. Memoires de l'Institut Francais d'Afrique Noire, 13,411473.

Rousse, P. & Gupta A. 2013. Microgastrinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) of Reunion Island: a catalogue of the local species, including 18 new taxa and a key to species. Zootaxa 3616 (6): 501547. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3616.6.1

Shenefelt, R.D. 1972. Braconidae 4. Microgasterinae Apanteles. Hymenopterorum Catalogus, Pars 7:429-668.

Shenefelt, R.D. 1973. Braconidae 5. Microgasterinae amd Ichneutinae. Hymenopterum Catalogus, Pars 9:669-812.

Whitfield, J.B., Mardulyn, P., Austin, A.D. & Dowton, M. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships among microgastrine braconid wasp genera based on data from the 16S, COI and 28S genes and morphology. Systematic Entomology, 27, 337359. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3113.2002.00183.x

Yu D.S., van Achterberg K., Horstmann K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com

Credits

Photographs Pascal Rousse (Iziko South African Museum).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2023. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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