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Choeras Mason

of the Afrotropical region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Braconidae; Subfamily: Microgastrinae)

Choeras Mason, 1981. Type species: Apanteles consimilis Viereck, 1911, by original designation.

Classification

Choeras afrotropicalis Fernandez-Triana & van Achterberg, 2017 (Yemen)

 

Choeras apollion (Nixon,1965) (South Africa)

Choeras fomes (Nixon,1965) (South Africa)

Choeras gerontius (Nixon,1965) (South Africa)

Choeras helle (Nixon,1965) (Nigeria, Sierra Leone)

Choeras loretta (Nixon,1965) (South Africa)

Choeras stenoterga (de Saeger,1944) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

Choeras superba (de Saeger,1944) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

Choeras sylleptae (de Saeger,1942) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Rwanda)

Choeras vacillatrix (Wilkinson,1930) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda)

Choeras vacillatropsis (de Saeger,1944) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

Biology

Solitary or gregararious endoparasitoids (koinobiont) of Lepidoptera larvae.

Distribution

Worldwide.

References

Austin, A.D. & Dangerfield, P.C. 1992. Synopsis of Australian Microgasterinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), with a key to genera and a description of new taxa. Invertebrate Taxonomy 6:1-76.

Fernandez-Triana, J & Boudreault, C. 2018. Seventeen new genera of microgastrine parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) from tropical areas of the world. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 64: 25-140. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/jhr.64.25453

Fernandez-Triana J, Shaw MR, Boudreault C, Beaudin M, Broad GR 2020. Annotated and illustrated world checklist of Microgastrinae parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera, Braconidae). ZooKeys 920: 1-1089. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.920.39128

Mason, W.R.M.. 1981. The polyphyletic nature of Apanteles Foerster (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): A phylogeny and reclassification of Microgastrinae. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada. No. 115. 147pp.

Nixon, G.E.J. 1965. A reclassification of the tribe Microgasterini (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Entomology series. Supplement 2:1-284.

Risbec, J. 1951. Les Microgasterinae de l'Afrique occidentale francaise. Memoires de l'Institut Francais d'Afrique Noire, 13,411473.

Rousse, P. & Gupta A. 2013. Microgastrinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) of Reunion Island: a catalogue of the local species, including 18 new taxa and a key to species. Zootaxa 3616 (6): 501547. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3616.6.1

Shenefelt, R.D. 1972. Braconidae 4. Microgasterinae Apanteles. Hymenopterorum Catalogus, Pars 7:429-668.

Shenefelt, R.D. 1973. Braconidae 5. Microgasterinae amd Ichneutinae. Hymenopterum Catalogus, Pars 9:669-812.

Whitfield, J.B., Mardulyn, P., Austin, A.D. & Dowton, M. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships among microgastrine braconid wasp genera based on data from the 16S, COI and 28S genes and morphology. Systematic Entomology, 27, 337359. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3113.2002.00183.x

Yu D.S., van Achterberg K., Horstmann K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com

Credits

Photographs Jose L Fernandez-Triana (Canadian National Collection of Insects, Ottawa, Canada)

Map illustration Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2023. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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