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Apanteles_nigrofemoratus_habitus

Microgastrinae

of the Afrotropical region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Braconidae)

Classification

Apanteles Förster,1862
  Buluka de Saeger,1948
Cotesia Cameron,1891
  Diolcogaster Ashmead,1900
 

Distatrix Mason,1981

Dodogaster Rousse 2013

Dolichogenidea Viereck,1911

Exoryza Mason, 1981

 

Exulonyx Mason,1981

 

Fornicia Brullé,1846

Glyptapanteles Asmead, 1904

 

Hypomicrogaster Ashmead,1898

 

Microgaster Latreille,1804

Microplitis Förster,1862
Nyereria Mason, 1981
Parapanteles Ashmead,1900
  Protapanteles Ashmead,1898
  Protomicroplitis Ashmead, 1898
  Semionis Nixon, 1965
Venanides Mason, 1981
Wilkinsonellus Mason, 1981
  Xenogaster Mason, 1981

Biology

Solitary or gregararious endoparasitoids (koinobiont) of Lepidoptera larvae.

Distribution

Worldwide.

References

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Appert, J., Betbeder-Matibet, M. & Ranaivosoa, H. 1969. Vingt années de lutte biologique à Madagascar. Agronomie Tropicale, 24, 555–572.

Ashmead, W.H. 1900. Notes on some New Zealand and Australian parasitic Hymenoptera with description of new genera and new species. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 25, 327–360.

Ashmead, W.H. 1904. A list of Hymenoptera of the Philippine Islands with descriptions of new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 12, 1–22.

Aubert, J.F. 1966. Liste d'identification No.7 (Présentée par le Service d'Identification des Entomophages). Entomophaga, 11, 135–151.

Austin, A.D. & Dangerfield, P.C. 1992. Synopsis of Australian Microgasterinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), with a key to genera and a description of new taxa. Invertebrate Taxonomy 6:1-76. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/IT9920001

Bartlett, B.R., Clausen, C.P., DeBach, P., Goeden, R.D., Legner, E.F., McMurtry, J.A. & Oatman, E.R. 1978. Introduced parasites and predators of arthropod pests and weeds: A world review. Agricultural Research Service. United States Department of Agriculture. Agriculture Handbook, 480, 1–545.

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Blanchard, E.E. 1947. Descripciones y anotaciones de Microgastrinos argentinos (Hymenoptera). Arthropoda, 1, 6–22.

Cameron, P. 1891. Hymenopterological notices. I. On some Hymenoptera parasitic in Indian injurious insects. Memoirs and Proceedings of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, 4, 182–194.

Cameron, P. 1906. On the Hymenopterous parasites of the mealie stalk borer (Sesamia fusca, Hampson). Transactions of the South African Philosophical Society, 16, 334–336. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21560382.1905.9526068

Cameron, P. 1911. On a collection of parasitic Hymenoptera (chiefly bred) made by Mr. W.W. Froggatt, F.L.S., in New SouthWales, with descriptions of new genera and species. Part 1. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 36,333–346.

De Saeger, H. 1944. Microgasterinae (Hymenoptera Apocrita). Fam. Braconidae. Exploration du Parc National Albert.Mission G.F. de Witte 1933–1935), 47, 1–342.

Fernández-Triana, J.L. 2010. Eight new species and an annotated checklist of Microgastrinae (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) from Canada and Alaska. Zookeys, 63, 1–53. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.63.565

Fernández-Triana, J.L., Ward, D.F. and Whitfield, J.B. 2011. Kiwigaster gen. nov. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) from NewZealand: the first Microgastrinae with sexual dimorphism in number of antennal segments. Zootaxa, 2932, 24–32.

Fernandez-Triana JL, Whitfield JB, Smith MA, Dapkey T, Hallwachs W, Janzen DH 2016. Review of the world species of Exoryza (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Microgastrinae), with description of five new species. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 63(2): 195-210. doi: 10.3897/dez.63.8977

Förster, A. 1862. Synopsis der Familien und Gattungen der Braconiden. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens, 19, 225–288.Giard, A. 1902) Sur un moyen de lutte contre les insectes nuisibles à habitat très étendu. Bulletin d'Agriculture Coloniale, 1,21–23.

Granger, C. 1949. Braconides de Madagascar. Académie Malgache, Antananarivo, Madagascar, 428 pp.

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Kfir, R., Overholt, W.A., Khan, Z.R. & Polaszek, A. 2002. Biology and management of economically important lepidopteran cereal stem borers in Africa. Annual Review of Entomology, 47, 701–731.

Kurdjumov, N.V. 1912. Hyménoptères-parasites nouveaux ou peu connus. Revue Russe d'Entomologie, 12, 223–240.

Long, K.D. & van Achterberg, C. 2003. Two new species of the genus Wilkinsonellus Mason (Hymenoptera: Braconidae:Microgastrinae) from northern Vietnam. Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden, 77, 221–227.

Martiré, D. & Rochat, J. 2008. Les papillons de La Réunion et leurs chenilles. Biotope, Mèze (collection Parthénope) Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France, 496 pp.

Mason, W.R.M.. 1981. The polyphyletic nature of Apanteles Foerster (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): A phylogeny and reclassification of Microgastrinae. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada. No. 115. 147pp.

Nixon, G.E.J.. 1965. A reclassification of the tribe Microgasterini (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Entomology series. Supplement 2:1-284.

Nixon, G.E.J. 1976. A revision of the north-western European species of the merula, laeteus, vipio, ultor, ater, butalidis,popularis, carbonarius and validus-groups of Apanteles Förster (Hym.: Braconidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research,65, 687–732.

 http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007485300006386

Olliff, A.S. 1893. Report on a visit to the Clarence River District for the purpose of ascertaining the nature and extent of insectravages in the sugar-cane crop. Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales, 4, 373–386.

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Rincon, C., Bordat, D., Löhr, B. & Dupas, S. 2006. Reproductive isolation and differentiation between five populations ofCotesia plutellae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), parasitoid of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). BiologicalControl, 36, 171–182. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2005.07.018

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Credits

Photographs © Pascal Rousse.

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2017. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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