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Evaniidae

Ensign wasps of the Afrotropical region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Evanioidea)

Classification

Afrevania Benoit, 1953
  Brachevania Turner, 1927
  Brachygaster Leach, 1815
Evania Fabricius, 1775
  Micrevania Benoit, 1952
  Papatuka Deans, 2002
  Parevania Kieffer, 1907
  Prosevania Kieffer, 1912
Trissevania Kieffer, 1913
Zeuxevania Kieffer, 1902
Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology Predators of cockroach eggs. Evaniids oviposit into the concealed egg cases (ootheca) and the larvae feed on the eggs and pupate inside the ootheca.

References

Deans, A.R. 2005. Annotated catalog of the world's ensign wasp species (Hymenoptera: Evaniidae. Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 34: 1-164.

Deans AR, Gillespie JJ, & Yoder MJ 2006. An evaluation of ensign wasp
classification (Hymenoptera: Evaniidae) based on molecular data and insights from ribosomal RNA secondary structure
. Systematic Entomology 31: 517–528.

Mason, W.R.M. 1993. Superfamilies Evanioidea, Stephanoidea, Megalyroidea and Trigonalyoidea (pp. 510-520). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Mikó I, Copeland RS, Balhoff JP, Yoder MJ, Deans AR 2014. Folding Wings like a Cockroach: A Review of Transverse Wing Folding Ensign Wasps (Hymenoptera: Evaniidae: Afrevania and Trissevania). PLoS ONE 9(5): e94056. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0094056

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or © Robert Copeland (ICIPE, Nairobi) or © Istvan Mikó (Frost Entomological Museum, Pennsylvania, USA).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

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