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Evania Fabricius

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Evanioidea; Family: Evaniidae)

Evania Fabricius, 1775. Type species: Sphex appendigaster (Linnaeus), designated by Latreille (1810) (see Muesebeck and Walkley 1956).

Classification

  Evania angolensis Benoit, 1950
  Evania animensis Spinola, 1840
Evania appendigaster (Linnaeus, 1758)
  Evania congica De Saeger, 1943
  Evania dimidiata Spinola, 1838
  Evania eos Ceballos, 1950
  Evania fulvospina Cameron, 1906
  Evania fumipennis Enderlein, 1901
  Evania platycephala De Saeger, 1943

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

Parasitoids of cockroach eggs. Female penetrates tough cockroach egg case with her ovipositor and lays a single egg inside. Larva eats cockroach eggs and pupates inside the case. On emerging from the pupa, adult wasp chews an exit hole in the side of the case.

References

Benoit, PLG. 1950. Evaniides éthiopiens du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle. Revue Française d'Entomologie 17: 267-271.

Cameron, E. 1957. On the parasites and predators of the cockroach. II. Evania appendigaster (L.). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 48: 199-209.

Cameron, P. 1906. Descriptions of new species of parasitic Hymenoptera chiefly in the collection of the South African Museum, Capetown. Annals of the South African Museum 5: 17-186.

Ceballos, G. 1950. Evania eos n. sp. Eos (Revista Española de Entomología) (Tomo Extraordinario): 425-426.

Deans AR, Yoder MJ, Dole K. 2019. Evanioidea Online - catalog of information about evanioid wasps (Hymenoptera). http://evanioidea.info

De Saeger, H. 1943. Contribution à l’étude des Hyménoptères du Congo belge Evaniidae. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 37: 331-348.

Enderlein, G. 1901. Neue Evaniiden, Stephaniden, Mutillen (Apterogyna), Proctotrupiden, und Chalcididen mit einer Bestimmung stabelle der africanischen Stephaniden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 67: 187-220.

Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae, Edito Decima, Tomus I., Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii. i-ii + 1-824.

Spinola, M. 1838. Des Hyménoptères recueillis par M. Fischer pendant son voyage en Égypt, et communiqués par M. Le Docteur Waltl a Maximilien Spinola. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 7: 437-489.

Spinola, M. 1840. Note monographique sur le genre Evania. Revue Zoologique 1840: 244-248.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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