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Diastrophini

Gall wasps

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Cynipoidea; Family: Cynipidae; Subfamily: Cynipinae)

ClassificationCynipoidea keys

Diastrophus Hartig, 1840; 19 species NA, PA, NT

 

Periclistus Förster, 1869; 16 species NA, PA

 

Synophromorpha Ashmead, 1903; 6 species NA, ePA

 

Xestophanes Förster, 1869; 4 species PA, ePA

Distribution Holarctic region, transgressing into the Neotropical region.
Biology Associated with Rosaceae, with both gall-inducers (Diastrophus, Xestophanes) or inquillines (Perclistus, Synophromorpha) (Buffington et al. 2020). Records of association with the monocot Smilax (Ashmead 1896, Ronquist et al. 2015) are probably erroneous (Buffington & Gates, pers. obs.).

References

Bassett, H. F. 1881. New Species of Cynipidae. The Canadian Entomologist. 13: 51–53. doi:10.4039/Ent1351-3

Buffington ML, Forshage M, Liljeblad J, Tang CT, van Noort, S. 2020. World Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera):a key to higher-level groups. Insect Systematics and Diversity 4(4): 1–69. https://doi.org/10.1093/isd/ixaa003

Mayr, G. 1881. Die genera der gallenbewohnenden Cynipiden. Jahresberichte der Rossauer Communal Oberrealschule im I. Bezirke 20:138.

Ritchie, A.J. 1993. Superfamily Cynipoidea (pp. 521-536). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Ronquist, F. 1999. Phylogeny, classification and evolution of the Cynipoidea. Zoologica Scripta 28:139–164.

Ronquist, F. & Liljeblad, J. 2001. Evolution of the gall wasp–host plant association. Evolution 55: 2503–2522.

Ronquist, F., Nieves-Aldrey, J.-L., Buffington, M. L., Liu, Z., Liljeblad, J., & Nylander, J. A. A. 2015. Phylogeny, Evolution and Classification of Gall Wasps: The Plot Thickens. PLoS ONE, 10(5), e0123301. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123301

Credits

Photographs © Matt Buffington (Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA/ARS).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2022. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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