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Aylax Hartig

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Cynipoidea; Family: Cynipidae; Subfamily: Cynipinae; Tribe: Aylacini)

Aylax Hartig, 1840

ClassificationCynipoidea keys


Aylax ambrosiaecola Ashmead

Aylax chondrillae (Gain)

Aylax chrysothamni Beutenmüller

Aylax crassinervus (Kieffer)


Aylax hypecoi (Trotter, 1913)


Aylax minor Hartig, 1840


Aylax mulgediicola Ashmead

Aylax nabali Brodie

Aylax nemorosae (Balás)

Aylax onobrychidis (Kieffer)

Aylax papaveris (Perris, 1839) (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Romania, Serbia)


Aylax parvula (Schenck)

Aylax patens Hartig

Aylax picridis (Kruch)

Aylax punctata Hartig

Aylax quinquecostata (Provancher)

Aylax rieli Tavares

Aylax rufiventris (Schenck)

Aylax subterranea (Hartig)

Aylax syncrepida (Hartig)

Aylax taneritis Belizin

Aylax trachelii Kirchner

Aylax verbasci Kaltenbach


Palaearctic Region. Occasionally intercepted on plants being imported to North America; possibly introduced into other regions (Buffington, pers. obs.).


Gall inducers on Papaver in the Palearctic Region.


Buffington ML, Forshage M, Liljeblad J, Tang CT, van Noort, S. 2020. World Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera):a key to higher-level groups. Insect Systematics and Diversity 4(4): 1–69. https://doi.org/10.1093/isd/ixaa003

Nieves-Aldrey, J.L. 1994. Revision of the West-European genera of the tribe Aylacini Ashmead (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 3: 175–206.

Pujade-Villar, J. & Schiopu, I. 2015. Species of Aylacini Ashmead, 1903 (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) inducing galls on Papaver L. (Papavaceae) from Romania with description of a new species and notes on parasitoids (Hymenoptera). Zoosystema 37: 505-515. https://doi.org/10.5252/z2015n3a5

Ritchie, A.J. 1993. Superfamily Cynipoidea (pp. 521-536). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Ronquist, F. 1999. Phylogeny, classification and evolution of the Cynipoidea. Zoologica Scripta 28:139–164.

Ronquist, F. & Liljeblad, J. 2001. Evolution of the gall wasp–host plant association. Evolution 55: 2503–2522.

Ronquist, F., Nieves-Aldrey, J.-L., Buffington, M. L., Liu, Z., Liljeblad, J., & Nylander, J. A. A. 2015. Phylogeny, Evolution and Classification of Gall Wasps: The Plot Thickens. PLoS ONE, 10(5), e0123301. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123301

Stojanovic, A & Marković, C. 2016. Aylax papaveris (Perris 1839) and Barbotinia oraniensis (Barbotin 1964): species new to the fauna of cynipid gall wasps (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae) of Serbia. Acta Entomologica Serbica 20: 21-25.


Photographs © Matt Buffington (Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA/ARS).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2022. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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