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Gonatopus Ljungh

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chrysidoidea; Family: Dryinidae; Subfamily: Gonatopodinae)

Gonatopus Ljungh, 1810. Type species: Gonatopus formicarius Ljungh, 1810, by monotypy.

Agonatopoides R. Perkins, 1907  Type species: Agonatopoides synchromus R. Perkins, 1907, by monotypy. Synonymized by Olmi, 1993.

Dicondylus Haliday, 1833.Type species: Dicondylus bicolor Haliday, 1828.

Pseudogonatopus Perkins, 1905. Type species: Pseudogonatopus kurandae Perkins, 1905.

Tetrodontochelys Richards, 1939. Type species: Tetrodontochelys ljunghii Westwood, 1833.

Classification

Gonatopus acuminatus (Olmi, 1984)
  Gonatopus acutus (Olmi, 1984)
  Gonatopus aestivus Olmi, 1987
  Gonatopus aethiopicus Olmi
  Gonatopus afer (Olmi, 1984)
  Gonatopus amoenus Olmi, 1994
  Gonatopus ankaratrus (Ceballos, 1936)
  Gonatopus armatus Olmi, 1984
  Gonatopus australis (Ceballos, 1936)
Gonatopus baginei Olmi, 2011

 

Gonatopus bekilyanus (Benoit, 1954)

 

Gonatopus benoiti Olmi, 1984

Gonatopus cafer (Olmi, 1984)
 

Gonatopus camerounensis Olmi, 2011

  Gonatopus camposensis Olmi, 2007
  Gonatopus capensis Brues, 1906
  Gonatopus ceballosi Olmi, 1993
Gonatopus ceres (Olmi, 1984)
  Gonatopus chiruanus (Olmi, Guglielmino, Natha & Alfredo, 2012)

 

Gonatopus communis Olmi, 1984

  Gonatopus cornutus (Benoit, 1951)
  Gonatopus cuambensis Olmi, 2004
  Gonatopus danielssoni Olmi, 1997
  Gonatopus emelyanovi Ponomarenko & Olmi, 2006

 

Gonatopus ericeti Olmi, 1984

  Gonatopus faustae Olmi, 1998
  Gonatopus festivus Olmi, 1994
  Gonatopus fisheri Olmi, 2003
  Gonatopus fortis Olmi, 2007
  Gonatopus fuscus (Olmi, 1984)
 

Gonatopus ghanensis (Olmi, 1987)

  Gonatopus gazensis Olmi, 1998
  Gonatopus griswoldi Olmi, 2010
  Gonatopus grobbelaari Olmi, 1987
  Gonatopus guigliae (Benoit, 1951)
 

Gonatopus harteni (Olmi, 1987)

 

Gonatopus hyalinus Olmi, 1984

  Gonatopus ibayensis Olmi, 2005
  Gonatopus incognitus Olmi, 1984
  Gonatopus jacksoni Olmi, 2011
  Gonatopus johnsi Olmi, 1984
Gonatopus kanyawarus Olmi, van Noort & Guglielmino, 2016
  Gonatopus karibibensis Olmi, 2007
  Gonatopus kolyadai Olmi, 2007

 

Gonatopus leptothorax Ceballos, 1936

 

Gonatopus longiusculus Olmi, 1984

  Gonatopus luteipes (Benoit, 1951)
  Gonatopus macua Olmi, 2004
Gonatopus madecassus Olmi, 1998
  Gonatopus maputensis Olmi 1998
  Gonatopus maritimus Olmi, 2007
  Gonatopus martellii Olmi, 2002
  Gonatopus masoalensis Olmi, 2010
  Gonatopus meridionalis Benoit, 1953
  Gonotopus mirus Olmi & van Harten, 2006
Gonatopus mixtus Olmi, 2002
  Gonatopus mossambicus Olmi, 1998

 

Gonatopus mosseli Olmi, 1984

  Gonatopus namibiensis Olmi, 2005
  Gonatopus natalensis Olmi, 2008
  Gonatopus nearcticus (Fenton, 1927)
  Gonatopus niassensis Olmi, 2004
  Gonatopus nicator Olmi, 1997
 

Gonatopus nigrior (Olmi, 1984)

  Gonatopus ntumenensis Olmi, 2009
  Gonatopus obscurus (Ceballos, 1936)
  Gonatopus ochreus (Olmi, 1984)

 

Gonatopus okahanjae Olmi, 1984

  Gonatopus operosus Olmi, 1993
  Gonatopus orangensis Olmi, 1998
  Gonatopus owaini Olmi, 1993
  Gonatopus pallidior (Olmi, 1984)

 

Gonatopus patrizii Benoit, 1951

 

Gonatopus paulyanus Olmi, 2005

  Gonatopus paulyi Olmi, 1990

 

Gonatopus perkinsiellavorus Benoit, 1963

 

Gonatopus pilosipes Brues, 1906

  Gonatopus pilosoides Olmi, 1993
  Gonatopus pluvialis Olmi, 2004
  Gonatopus polli (Benoit, 1951)
  Gonatopus ridens Olmi, 1984
  Gonatopus ruber (Olmi, 1984)
 

Gonatopus ruens (Olmi, 1984)

  Gonatopus rubrithorax (Benoit, 1954)
  Gonatopus rufulus (Olmi, 1984)
  Gonatopus ruvidus Olmi, 2010
  Gonatopus savanensis Olmi, 2007
  Gonatopus schierli Olmi, 2011
 

Gonatopus schwarzorum Guglielmino & Olmi, 2014

  Gonatopus sensitivus Olmi, 1983

 

Gonatopus seyrigi (Ceballos, 1936)

  Gonatopus similis Brues, 1906
  Gonatopus somerseti (Olmi, 1984)
 

Gonatopus spiracularis (Benoit, 1963)

Gonatopus subrufulus Olmi, 2006

 

Gonatopus tananarivei (Olmi, 1984)

  Gonatopus tanzanianus Olmi, 2005

 

Gonatopus taylori Olmi, 1984

  Gonatopus transvaalensis Olmi, 1987
  Gonatopus trochantericus (Benoit, 1954)
  Gonatopus tulearensis Olmi, 2010
  Gonatopus turneri Benoit, 1951
  Gonatopus upembanus Olmi, 1984
  Gonatopus vannoorti Olmi, 2006
 

Gonatopus varipes Brues, 1906

  Gonatopus vulgaris Olmi, 2000
  Gonotopus yemenensis Olmi & van Harten, 2006
 

Gonatopus zairensis (Olmi, 1984)

  Gonatopus zambianus Olmi, 2008
Distribution

Worldwide.

Diversity

Four hundred and forty-one species described worldwide (Olmi & Virla, 2014), 111 species in the Afrotropical region (Guglielmino & Olmi, 2014).

Biology Hosts: Acanaloniidae, Cicadellidae (except Typhlocybinae, Idiocerinae, Macropsinae), Delphacidae, Flatidae, Issidae, Lophopidae, Tropiduchidae (Guglielmino & Olmi 1997, 2006, 2007; Guglielmino et al. 2013).

References

Azevedo C..O, Madl. M. & Olmi, M. 2010. A Catalogue of the Bethylidae, Chrysididae, Dryinidae, Embolemidae, Sclerogibbidae and Scolebythidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) of the Malagasy Subregion. Linzer Biologische Beitrage 42(2): 845-918.

Benoit P.L.G. 1951. Nouveaux Dryinidae d'Afrique centrale (Hymenoptera Aculeata). Riv. Biol. Coloniale 11: 17-24.

Benoit P.L.G. 1951. Synopsis over de Kennissen van de Biologie der Dryinidae en Bethylidae, bijzonder in Belgisch Congo. lle Nat. Congr. Wetenschappen 8: 40-42.

Benoit P.L.G. 1951. Nouveaux Dryinidae (Hym.-Acul.) éthiopiens. Rev. Zool, Bot. Afr. 44: 157-164.

Benoit P.L.G. 1951. Exploration du Parc National Albert. Mission G. F. de Witte (1933-1935). Fasc. 73. Dryinidae (Hymenoptera Aculeata), Evaniidae (Hymenoptera Terebrantia). Hayez, Bruxelles, 26pp.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1954. Monographie des Dryinidae malgaches (Hym.-Acul.). Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifiques de Madagascar, Série E 4: 383-430.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1963. Le genre Pseudogonatopus à Madagascar (Hym.-Dryinidae). Rev. Suisse Zool. 70 (25): 337-342.

Brues, C.T. 1906. Descriptions of parasitic Hymenoptera from Cape Colony. Bull. Wisconsin Nat. Hist. Soc. 4: 103-112.

Ceballos G. 1936. Estudios sobre Anteoninae de Madagascar (Hym. Bethyl.). EOS 12: 43-64.

Fenton, F.A. 1927. New parasitic Hymenoptera of the subfamily Anteoninae from the Americas. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 72: 1–6.

Guglielmino, A. & Olmi, M. 1997. A host-parasite catalog of world Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Contributions on Entomology, International 2 (2): 165–298.

Guglielmino, A. & Olmi, M. 2006. A host-parasite catalog of world Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea): first supplement. Zootaxa 1139: 35–62.

Guglielmino, A. & Olmi, M. 2007. A host-parasite catalog of world Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea): second supplement. Bollettino di Zoologia Agraria e di Bachicoltura, Ser. II 39 (2): 121–129.

Guglielmino, A & Olmi, M. 2014. Revision of the Afrotropical species of Gonatopus group 3 (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae), with description of a new species from Ghana. Zootaxa 3802 (1): 035–050. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3802.1.3

Haliday, A.H. 1833. An essay on the classification of the Parasitic Hymenoptera of Britain, which correspond with the Ichneumones minuti of Linnaeus. Ent. Mag. 1: 259-273.

Ljungh S.J. 1810. Gonatopus, novum Insectorum genus. Beitr. Naturk. 2: 161-163

Olmi, M. 1984. A revision of the Dryinidae (Hymenoptera). Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 37: 1-947.

Olmi, M. 1987. New Species of Dryinidae (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Fragmenta Entomologica 19: 371-456.

Olmi, M. 1987. New species of Dryinidae (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea). Fragmenta Entomologica 19: 371–456.
Olmi, M. 1987. New species of Dryinidae, with description of a new subfamily from Florida and a new species from Dominica amber (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea). Bollettino del Museo Regionale
di Scienze Naturali di Torino
5: 211–238.

Olmi, M. 1987. Descrizone di nuove specie di Dryinidae (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Boll. Zool. agr. Bachic., Ser. II, 19: 31-70.

Olmi, M. 1990. I Dryinidae della Somalia: considerazioni sistematiche e biogeografiche (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Biogeographia 14: 403–406.
Olmi, M. 1990. Supplement to the revision of the world Dryinidae (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula ntomologica (N.S.) 12: 109–395.

Olmi, M. 1991 [1989]. Supplement to the revision of the world Dryinidae (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula Entomologica (N.S.) 12: 109-395.
Olmi, M. 1993
. A new generic classification for Thaumatodryininae, Dryininae and Gonatopodinae, with descriptions of new species (Hymenoptera Dryinidae). Boll. Zool. agr. Bachic., Ser. II, 25: 57-89.

Olmi M. 1994. Taxonomic Studies on the Dryinidae of Mozambique (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Oriental Insects, Vol. 28:67-80.

Olmi M. 1997. New Embolemidae and Dryinidae (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula entomol., Nuova Serie 20: 30-118.

Olmi, M. 1998. A contribution to the knowledge of Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) and Strepsiptera of Mozambique. Oriental Insects 32: 59-78.

Olmi M. 1998. Gonatopus orangensis: a new species of Dryinidae from South Africa (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Tropical Zoology 11:177-181.

Olmi M. 1998. Descriptions of two new species of Dryinidae from Botswana: Bocchus martellii and Gonatopus martellii (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Boll. Zool. agr. Bachic., Ser. II, 34: 273-280.

Olmi, M. 2000. New species of Oriental Anteon, with new synonymies (Hymenoptera Dryinidae). Frustula Entomologica, N. Ser. 21: 68–74.

Olmi M. 2002. New Species of Dryinidae and Embolemidae from Madagascar (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula entomol., Nuova Serie 25: 86-109.

Olmi M. 2003 (2001). A contribution to the knowledge of Dryinidae (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula Entomologica, Nuova Serie, vol. 24: 21-49.

Olmi M. 2004. A contribution to the knowledge of Dryinidae (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea) of northern Mozambique. Oriental Insects  38: 353-372.

Olmi M. 2005. A contribution to the knowledge of Afrotropical Dryinidae (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 141: 233-248.

Olmi, M. 2006. A catalogue of Dryinidae and Embolemidae of South Africa, with descriptions of new species (Hymenoptera Chrysidodea). Frustula entomologica (2005)(N.S.) vol. 28-29 (41-42): 1-57.

Olmi, M. 2007. New species of Afrotropical Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea), with description of a new genus and a new subfamily. African Invertebrates, vol  48: 199-232.

Olmi, M. 2009. New species of South African Dryinidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). African Invertebrates 50: 447–460.

Olmi, M. 2010. Descriptions of new species of Dryinidae and Embolemidae from Madagascar (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula Entomologica, nuova serie 31: 53-76.

Olmi, M. 2011. A contribution to the knowledge of world Dryinidae (Hymenoptera Chrysidoidea). Frustula entomologica (2009) (N.S.) XXXII (XLV): 43-76.

Olmi, M. & Copeland, R.S. 2011. A catalogue of Dryinidae, Embolemidae and Sclerogibbidae of Kenya and Burundi, with descriptions of new species (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). African Invertebrates 52: 177–206.

Olmi, M. &  van Harten, A. 2006. Dryinidae, Sclerogibbidae and Embolemidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) of Yemen, with revised keys to the species of the Arabian peninsula. Fauna of Arabia 21: 307–337.

Olmi, M. & Copeland, R.S. & Guglielmino, A. 2015. An updated checklist of Dryinidae, Embolemidae and Sclerogibbidae (Hymenoptera) of Kenya and Burundi, with descriptions of thirteen new species. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 55(1): 333-380.

Olmi, M. Guglielmino, A., Natha, S.A. & Alfredo, A.A.N. 2012. A catalogue of Dryinidae of Mozambique, with description of a new species (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). African Invertebrates 53: 715-731.

Olmi, M. & Virla, E.G. 2014. Dryinidae of the Neotropical region (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea). Zootaxa, 3792 (1), 1–534. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3792.2.1

Perkins, R.C.L. 1907. Parasites of leaf-hoppers. Hawaii Sugar Plant. Assoc. Exp. Stn., Entomol. 11 (4): 5-59.

Ponomarenko, N.G. & Olmi, M. 2006. Dryinidae (Hym.) collected in Ethiopia by Dr Alexander F. Emelyanov, with descriptions of two new species. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 142: 7–10.

Turner, R. E. 1928. New Hymenoptera of the Family Bethylidae. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 10, Vol. 1: 129-152.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or © Bob Copeland (ICIPE). Dryinidae image in head banner © Vida van der Walt (Pretoria). Illustrations © Massimo Olmi.

 

Next genus: Gynochelis


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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