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Chalcidid wasps of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea)


Distribution Worldwide.
Biology Parasitoids of Lepidoptera and Diptera, less commonly other Hymenoptera or Coleoptera.


Boucek, Z. 1958. Descriptions of a new Tropimeris and a new Tanycoryphus (Chalcididae, Hym.). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 32: 481-486.
Bouček, Z. 1974. On some Chalcididae and Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera), with descriptions of new genera and species from Africa and one species from Asia. Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 37(2): 327-330.

Boucek, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. pp. 832pp. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, U.K., Cambrian News Ltd; Aberystwyth, Wales.

Cameron, P. 1884. Fam. Chalcididae. [continued] Biologia Centrali-Americana. Insecta. Hymenoptera (Families Tenthredinidae-Chrysididae) 1: 97-120.
Cameron, P. 1905, On the Hymenoptera of the Albany Museum. (Third paper) Record of the Albany Museum 1: 297-314.

Cameron, P. 1907. Descriptions of species of parasitic Hymenoptera, chiefly in the collections of the South African Museum, Cape Town. (Second paper) Annals of the South African Museum 5: 203-225.

Dalla Torre, K.W. van. 1897. Zur Nomenclatur der Chalcididen-Genera. Wiener Entomologische Zeitung 16: 83-88.

Delvare, G. 2017. Order Hymenoptera, family Chalcididae. Arthropod fauna of the UAE 6: 229-232.

Delvare G & Copeland, RS. 2018. Four-horned wasps, description of some remarkable Dirhinus (Hymenoptera, Chalcididae) from Kenya, with a discussion of their taxonomic placement. Zootaxa 4374: 301–349. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4374.3.1.

Delvare G, Copeland RS, Tanga CM. 2019. Description of Eniacomorpha hermetiae Delvare sp. n. (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Chalcididae) a pupal parasitoid of Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera, Stratiomyidae), and a potential threat to mass production of the fly as a feed supplement for domestic animals. Zootaxa 4638: 237–254. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4638.2.4

Fabricius, J.C. 1787, Mantissa Insectorum sistens species nuper detectas 1: 272 Copenhagen.

Ferrière, C. 1933. Chalcidoid and proctotrupoid parasites of pests of the coconut palm. Stylops. 2: 86-96, 97-108.
Gibson G.A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Gibson, G.A.P., Huber, J.T., Woolley, J.B. (Editors) 1997. Annotated keys to the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) :794pp National Research Council Research Press, Ottawa, Canada.

Girault, A.A. 1915. Australian Hymenoptera Chalcidoidea - XIV. The family Chalcididae with descriptions of new genera and species. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 4: 314-365.

Girault, A.A. 1930. New pests from Australia VIII. 5pp. Brisbane, private publication.

Gul MA, Soliman AM, Gadallah NS, Al Dhafer HM, Delvare G 2020. The genus Phasgonophora Westwood, 1832 (Hymenoptera, Chalcididae) in Saudi Arabia: re-evaluation of its limits and description of three new species. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 76: 1-38. https://doi.org/10.3897/jhr.76.38340

Hanna, A.D. 1934. The description of a new species of Euchalcidia (Hymenoptera, Chalcidinae). Annals and Magazine of Natural History 13:474-479.

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Herting, B. 1975. Lepidoptera, Part 1 (Microlepidoptera). A catalogue of parasites and predators of terrestrial arthropods. Section A. Host or Prey/Enemy. 6:218pp. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control.

Kerrich, G.J. 1960. A systematic study of the chalcid genus Uga Girault (Hym.: Chalcidoidea), parasites of epilachnine beetles. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London (B) 29(9/10): 113-119.

Kieffer, J.J. 1905, Neue Eucharinae und Chalcidinae. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 49: 262.

Kieffer, J.J. 1912. Description de deux nouveaux chalcidides. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 80: 463-466.

Kirby, W.F. 1883. On the genera of the subfamily Chalcidinae, with synonymic notes and descriptions of new species of Leucospidinae and Chalcidinae. Journal of the Linnean Society (Zoology). 17: 53-78, plates 3, 4.

Kirby, W.F. 1886. A synopsis of the genera of the Chalcididae, subfamily Eucharinae, with descriptions of several new genera and species of Chalcididae and Tenthredinidae. Journal of the Linnean Society 20: 28-37, plate 1.
Kriechbaumer, J. 1894. Hymenoptera Ichneumonidea a medico nautico Dr. Joh. Brauns in itenere secundo ad oras Africae lecta et a Dr. Jos. Kriechbaumer, enumerata et quoad nova descripta. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 39: 297-318.

Klug, F. 1834. Pars zoologica. Insecta. (In: Ehrenberg, C.G., 1829-1845.) Symbolae physicae, seu icones et descriptiones corporum naturalium novorum aut minus cognitorum, etc. Dec.:i-v, 50 plates. Berlin.

Masi, L. 1917. Chalcididae of the Seychelles islands. (With an appendix by J.J.Kieffer.) Novitates Zoologicae. 24: 121-330

Masi, L. 1929. Contributo alla conoscenza dei calcididi orientali della sottofamiglia Chalcidinae. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia del R.Istituto Superiore Agrario di Bologna 2: 155-188.

Masi, L. 1936. Chalcidinae raccolte del dott. Alberto Mochi nell'Eritrea (Hymen.). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 59(14): 118-135.

Masi, L. 1939. Descrizione di una nuova specie di Pseudeniaca (Hymen. Chalcididae).   71(5): 96-98.
Masi, L. 1943. Nuove specie di imenotteri calcididi. Diagnosti precentive. Missione biologica Sagan-Omo diretta dal Prof.E. Zavattari. Bollettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 75: 65-68.

Masi, L. 1944. Materiali per lo stodio di due generi di Brachymeriinae: Cerachalcis Schmied. in litt e Macrochalcis n. (Hymen. Chalcididae). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 62: 112-139.

Narendran, T.C. 1989. Oriental Chalcididae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Kerala, India:
University of Calicut, Department of Zoology, Zoological Monograph, 441 pp.

Olivier, A.G. 1791. Encyclopédie méthodique. Dictionaire des Insectes 5(2): 369-794. Paris

Risbec, J. 1957. Chalcidoïdes et proctotrupoïdes de l'Afrique occidentale française. Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire (A). 19: 228-267.

Schmitz, G. 1946, Chalcididae de l'Afrique Central. Exploration du Parc National Albert, Mission G.F. de Witte 48: 54.

Sichel, J. 1866. Etudes hyménoptèrologiques. II. Essai d'une monographie des genres Phasgonophora Westwood et Conura Spinola. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (4) 5(4):345-396.

Spinola, M. 1811. Essai d'une nouvelle classification générale des Diplolépaires. Annales du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. 17: 138-152.

Steffan, J.R. 1948. Deux nouveaux genres d'Haltichellinae (Hym. Chalcididae). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 53: 118-123.

Steffan, J.R. 1950. Les Haltichellinae du groupe Neochalcis Kirby (Hym. Chalcididae). Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 22(6): 746-752

Steffan, J.R.. 1951. Note sur les genres Xyphorachidia nov. et Rhynchochalcis Cameron (Hym. Chalcididae). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 56: 34-39.

Steffan, J.R. 1951. Note sur la tribu des Cratocentrini (Hym. Chalcididae, Brachymeriinae); description de deux espèces nouvelles. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 22(5): 596-602.

Steffan, J.R. 1951. Remarques sur quelques genres d'Haltichellinae (Hym. Chalcididae). Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 23: 375-380.

Steffan, J.R. 1951. Les espèces françaises d'Haltichellinae (Hyménoptères Chalcididae). Feuille des Naturalistes 6(1/2): 1-7.

Steffan, J.R. 1955. Contributions à l'étude de la faune entomologique du Ruanda-Urundi (Mission P. Basilewsky 1953). LXXIV. Hymenoptera Chalcididae. Annales du Musée Royal Congo Belge Tervuren (Zoologie) 40: 376-390.

Steffan, J.R. 1957. Révision des genres Chirocera Latr., Tanyotorthus Steff. et Tanycoryphus Cam. (Hym. Chalcididae). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 126: 139-158.
Steffan, J.R. 1959. Revision de la tribu des Cratocentrini (Hymen. Chalcididae). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 33: 287-325.

Walker, F. 1841. Description of Chalcidites. Entomologist 1: 217-220.

Walker, F.. 1862. Notes on Chalcidites, and characters of undescribed species. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London (3). 1: 345-397.

Walker, F. 1871. Part 3. Torymidae and Chalcididae. Notes on Chalcidiae. 37-54.

Waterston, J. 1916. Chalcidoidea bred from Glossina morsitans in Nyasaland. Bulletin of Entomological Research 6: 381-393.

Westwood, J.O. 1832. Descriptions of several new British forms amongst the parasitic hymenopterous insects. Philosophical Magazine (3) 1: 127-129.


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or © Charissa de Lange (Pretoria) or © Gerard Delvare (Cirad-CBGP, Montferrier-sur-Lez Cedex France).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2020. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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