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Dirhinine wasps of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea; Family: Chalcididae)


Dirhinus Dalman, 1818
Eniacomorpha Girault, 1915
Pseudeniaca Masi, 1936
Youngaia Bouček, 1974




Ectoparasitoids of Diptera within puparia of their host (Delvare, 2017).


Bouček, Z. 1974, On some Chalcididae and Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera), with descriptions of new genera and species from Africa and one species from Asia. Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 37(2): 327-330.

Bouček, Z. & Narendran, T.C. 1981. Indian chalcid wasps (Hymenoptera) of the genus Dirhinus parasitic on synanthropic and other Diptera. Systematic Entomology 6: 229–251.

Cruaud, A., Delvare, G., Nidelet, S., Sauné, L., Ratnasingham, S., Chartois, M., Blaimer, B.B., Gates, M., Brady, S.G., Faure, S., van Noort, S., Rossi, J.-P. and Rasplus, J.-Y. 2020Ultra-Conserved Elements and morphology reciprocally illuminate conflicting phylogenetic hypotheses in Chalcididae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea)Cladistics 37: 1-35. doi:10.1111/cla.12416 https://doi.org/10.1111/cla.12416

Dalman, J.W. 1818. Några nya Genera och Species af Insecter beskrifna. Kungliga Svenska, Sweden.

Delvare, G. 2017. Order Hymenoptera, family Chalcididae. Arthropod fauna of the UAE 6: 229-232.

Delvare G & Copeland, RS. 2018. Four-horned wasps, description of some remarkable Dirhinus (Hymenoptera, Chalcididae) from Kenya, with a discussion of their taxonomic placement. Zootaxa 4374: 301–349. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4374.3.1.

Delvare G, Copeland RS, Tanga CM. 2019. Description of Eniacomorpha hermetiae Delvare sp. n. (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Chalcididae) a pupal parasitoid of Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera, Stratiomyidae), and a potential threat to mass production of the fly as a feed supplement for domestic animals. Zootaxa 4638: 237–254. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4638.2.4

Ferrière, C. 1935. Description de deux importants chalcidiens d'Égypte et du Soudan. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique d'Egypte 19: 365–370.

Gibson G.A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Kerrich, G.J. 1964. A remarkable new African Dirhinus (Hym., Chalcididae). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 70: 148-153.

Masi, L. 1936. Chalcidinae raccolte del dott. Alberto Mochi nell'Eritrea (Hymen.). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 59(14): 118-135.

Masi, L. 1939. Descrizione di una nuova specie di Pseudeniaca (Hymen. Chalcididae).   71(5): 96-98.

Masi, L. 1947. Nuovo contributo all conoscenza dei Dirhinini (Hymen. Chalc.). Eos, Revista Española di Entomologia, Madrid 23: 39–78.

Narendran, T.C. 1989. Oriental Chalcididae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Kerala, India:
University of Calicut, Department of Zoology, Zoological Monograph, 441 pp.

Noyes, J.S. 2018. Universal Chalcidoidea database. Available from: http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/research/projects/chalcidoids/index.html

Risbec, J. 1956. Hyménoptères parasites du Cameroun. (2è Contribution). Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire (A) 18: 97–164.

Schmitz, G. 1946. Chalcididae (Hymenoptera Chalcidoidea). Exploration du Parc National Albert, Mission G. F. de Witte (1933–1935). Fascicule 48. Institut des Parcs Nationaux du Congo Belge, Bruxelles, 191 pp., 17 plates.

Silvestri, F. 1913. Viaggio in Africa per cercare parassiti di mosche dei frutti. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della R. Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura, Portici 8: 1–164.

Walker, F. 1846. List of the specimens of Hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part 1 Chalcidites. Kessinger Publishing, London, vii + 100 pp.

Waterston, J. 1917. Chalcidoidea bred from Glossina in the northern territories, Gold Coast. Bulletin of Entomological Research 8: 178–179. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007485300037585


Photographs © Gerard Delvare (Cirad-CBGP, Montferrier-sur-Lez Cedex France) or

photographs © Natural History Museum (2014). Dataset: Collection specimens. Resource: Specimens. Natural History Museum Data Portal (data.nhm.ac.uk). https://doi.org/10.5519/0002965 or photographs by Sariana Faure © Iziko Museums of South Africa.

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2022. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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