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Afrotropical Cephoidea

Stem Sawflies

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera)

Classification

Cephidae

Distribution

Widespread in Northern Hemisphere with 2 species known from Madagascar.

Diversity

About 100 species.

Biology

Phytophagous. Larvae feed inside grass stems or twigs of woody plants. Some species are major pests of cultivated cereals such as wheat (Cephus cinctus) (Goulet, 1993).

References

Abe, M. & Smith, D.R. 1991. The Genus-group names of Symphyta (Hymenoptera) and their type species. Esakia, Fukuoka 31: 1-115.

Benson, R. B. 1935. On the genera of Cephidae, and the erection of a new family Syntexidae (Hymenoptera, Symphyta). The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, including Zoology, Botany, and Geology. Tenth Series, London 16: 535-553.

Benson R.B. 1946. Classification of the Cephidae. Transactions of the RoyalEntomological Society of London 96 (6): 89-108.

Blank, S.M., Taeger, A., Liston, A.D., Smith, D.R., Rasnitsyn, A.P., Shinohara , A., Heidemaa , M. & Viitasaari, M. 2009. Studies toward a World Catalog of Symphyta (Hymenoptera). Zootaxa 2254: 1–96.

Chevin H. 1984. Note sur les Hymenopteres Tenthredinoides (XI). Bulletin de la Societe Linneenne de Lyon 53 (9): 303-309.
Klima A. 1937. Cephidae – Syntexidae. In: Hedicke H. (ed.), Hymenopterorum Catalogus 2: 53 pp.
Magis N. & Pauly A. 2001. Captures récentes du Cephide Athetocephalus maculatus Benson, 1935 (Hymenoptera, Symphyta). Notes Fauniques de Gembloux 44: 112.

Goulet, H. 1993. Superfamilies Cephoidea, Megalodontoidea, Orussoidea, Siricoidea, Tenthredinoidea and Xyeloidea (pp. 101-129). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Muche, W. H. 1981. Die Cephidae der Erde (Hym., Cephidae). Deutsche entomologische Zeitschrift, Neue Folge, Berlin 28(4-5): 239-295.

Quinlan, J. 1974. The nominal taxa described by R. B. Benson and their types, with a bibliography of his works (Hymenoptera). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology series, London 30(4): 217-265.

Sharkey, M., 2007. Phylogeny and classification of Hymenoptera.
Zootaxa 1668: 521–548.

Sharkey, M. J., Carpenter, J. M., Vilhelmsen, L., Heraty, J., Liljeblad, J., Dowling, A. P.G., Schulmeister, S., Murray, D., Deans, A. R., Ronquist, F., Krogmann, L. and Wheeler, W. C. 2012. Phylogenetic relationships among superfamilies of Hymenoptera. Cladistics 28: 80–112. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00366.x

Taeger, A. & Blank, S.M. 2011. ECatSym – electronic world catalog of Symphyta (Insecta, Hymenoptera). Program version 3.10, data version 38 (07.12.2011) Digital Entomological Information, Müncheberg.

Taeger, A., Blank, S.M. & Liston, A.D. 2010. World Catalog of Symphyta (Hymenoptera). Zootaxa 2580: 1-1064.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa)


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2017. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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