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Apis mellifera scutellata Linnaeus (African honey bee)

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Apoidea; Family: Apidae; Subfamily: Apinae; Tribe: Apini; Genus: Apis; Species: mellifera)

Apis mellifera scutellata Lepeletier, 1836.

Apis_mellifera_Simon_van_Noort.jpg

Honey bee collecting water at a stream in Karoo National Park (South Africa). Photograph Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Distribution

Native to Central and Southern Africa, but introduced to New World: North & South America (Africanized or Killer bees).

Biology

Social, constructing multiple wax combs for storage of pollen and honey and raising brood.

References

Eardley, C & Urban, R. 2010. Catalogue of Afrotropical bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Apiformes). Zootaxa 2455: 1-548.

Eardley, C, Finnamore, A.T. & Michener, C.D. 1993. Superfamily Apoidea (pp. 279-357). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Michener, C.D. 2000. The Bees of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press. 953 pp.

Credits

Photographs Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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